Nigeria is divided into 36 states and Abuja, the federal capital territory. The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas.

Before and after independence in 1960, Nigeria was a federation of three Regions: Northern, Western, and Eastern. Provinces were also used in colonial times. In 1963, two provinces were detached from the Western Region to form the new Mid-Western Region. In 1967, the regions were replaced by 12 states due to a military decree; only the former Mid-Western Region escaped division, and formed a single state following the restructuring. From 1967 to 1970 the areas of Mid-Western State and the Eastern Region attempted to secede, as Biafra. In 1976, seven new states were created, making 19 altogether;[2] the Federal Capital Territory (now called Abuja) was established in 1991. In 1987 two new states were established, followed by another nine in 1991, bringing the total to 30.[2] The latest change, in 1996, resulted in the present number of 36 states.

Current states and the Federal Capital Territory.