The National Flag
The National Flag of the Federal Republic Nigeria is divided, vertically, into three equal parts. The central part is white while the two outer parts are green. The two green parts represent agriculture while the white represents unit and
The flag was designed in the twilight of colonial rule in 1960 by Mr. Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, the a student in London. His design was adjudged the best out of 2,000 entries for the National Flag Design Competition. It earned him a cash prize of 100 pounds, paid to him through the then Nigeria High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, M.A. Martins (The Guardian, 1996 and 1999).
The Nigerian National Pledge
The National Pledge is recited by all school children at the beginning and end of each school day. The wordings of the National pledge are as follows:
I pledge to Nigeria, my country
To be faithful, loyal and honest,
To serve Nigeria with all my strength,
To defend her unity and uphold
Her honor and glory.
So help me God.
The National Motto
The National Motto is “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”.
Coat of arms of Nigeria
The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white lines that form in a “Y” shape. The black shield represents Nigeria’s power work force, while the two horses or chargers on each side represent power and strength. The eagle represents strength, while the green and white bands on the top of the shield represent the rich soil. The red flowers at the base are tulips, Nigeria’s national flower. This flower was chosen for inclusion in the coat of arms as it is found all over Nigeria. On the band around the base is Nigeria’s national motto since 1978, “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”, formerly “Peace, Unity, Freedom”.